This paper1 is a preliminary investigation into the relationships between economic growth and extreme poverty reduction in Sub Saharan Africa vis-à-vis other regions of the world. The findings herein are not conclusive; a deeper analysis is being done to supplement these findings. The preliminary findings indicate that poverty reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa lags other regions and has not been commensurate with the rate of economic growth in the last 20 years. Again, the region has more numbers living in extreme poverty today than in the 1990s. Factors such as high fertility rate, widening equality and adverse incorporation and bad governance were identified as contributing to this drag on poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa.